In Memoriam

Dr. C. Everett Koop

(1916-2013)

Dr. Koop served as the Surgeon General of the United States (1981-1989) and was APSA's second President (1971-1972)

Dr. C. Everett Koop died at his home in New Hampshire on Monday, February 25, 2013 at the age of 96. As noted in the National Library of Medicine, he graduated from Cornell University Medical College in 1941, and became the first surgeon-in-chief at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in 1945. A one-year internship with William E. Ladd and Robert E. Gross at Children's Hospital Boston started a decades-long campaign to establish the field of pediatric surgery on the basis that children's bodies are anatomically and physiologically different from adults and thus require special surgical procedures. He established the nation's first neonatal surgical intensive care unit in 1956 and made significant contributions to the treatment of diaphragmatic hernias, esophageal atresia and hydrocephalus.

As surgeon general, Koop was outspoken on medical ethics, anti-smoking, birth defects, disabilities and AIDS. At the end of his term he became chairman of the National Safe Kids Campaign and spoke widely on health care reform through the rest of his life. Read more about Dr. Koop in the National Libarary of Medicine.