Trauma Committee Literature Reviews

The Trauma Committee literature reviews provide trauma related content pertinent to pediatric surgeons. The selections are compiled by committee members, but as a group, they are not endorsing the results of these studies as definitive practice.

For general inquiries or questions about any of the articles below, contact John Petty.

The APSA Trauma Committee

View the current members of this committee.

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Continuing medical education maintenance of certification self-assessment credit is now available for the Cancer, Critical Care, Ethics, Outcomes and Trauma literature reviews.

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Literature Reviews

Focused assessment with sonography for trauma in children after blunt abdominal trauma: A multi-institutional analysis

Calder BW, Vogel AM, Zhang J, Mauldin PD, Huang EY, Savoie KB, Santore MT, Tsao K, Ostovar-Kermani TG, Falcone RA, Dassinger MS, Recicar J, Haynes JH, Blakely ML, Russell RT, Naik-Mathuria BJ, St Peter SD, Mooney DP, Onwubiko C, Upperman JS, Zagory JA, Streck CJ.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Aug;83(2):218-224
PMID: 28590347

The value of the injury severity score in pediatric trauma: Time for a new definition of severe injury?
Brown JB, Gestring ML, Leeper CM, Sperry JL, Peitzman AB, Billiar TR, Gaines BA.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Jun;82(6):995-1001
PMID: 28328674 PMCID: PMC5464600 [Available on 2018-06-01] 

Evaluation of guidelines for injured children at high risk for venous thromboembolism: A prospective observational study
Landisch RM, Hanson SJ, Cassidy LD, Braun K, Punzalan RC, Gourlay DM.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 May;82(5):836-844
PMID: 28430759

The association of non-accidental trauma with historical factors, exam findings and diagnostic testing during the initial trauma evaluation
Escobar MA Jr1, Auerbach M, Flynn-O'Brien K, Tiyyagura G, Borgman MA, Duffy SJ, Falcone K, Burke R, Cox JM, Maguire S.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Mar 23
PMID: 28338594

The Sensitivity and Negative Predictive Value of a Pediatric Cervical Spine Clearance Algorithm that Minimizes Computerized Tomography
Arbuthnot M, Mooney DP.
J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Jan;52(1):130-135.
PMID: 27908536

Association Between Early Participation in Physical Activity Following Acute Concussion and Persistent Postconcussive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents
Grool AM, Aglipay M, Momoli F, Meehan WP 3rd, Freedman SB, Yeates KO, Gravel J, Gagnon I, Boutis K, Meeuwisse W, Barrowman N, Ledoux AA, Osmond MH, Zemek R; Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) Concussion Team.
JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Dec 20; 316(23):2504-2514
PMID: 27997652

Prophylaxis Against Venous Thromboembolism in Pediatric Trauma: A Practice Management Guideline from the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma and the Pediatric Trauma Society
Mahajerin A, Petty JK, Hanson SJ, Thompson AJ, OʼBrien SH, Streck CJ, Petrillo TM, Faustino EV.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Dec 23.
PMID: 28030503

Development and Implementation of a Standardized Pathway in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit for children with Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries
Rakes L, King M, Johnston B, Chesnut R, Grant R, Vavilala M.
BMJ Qual Improv Rep. 2016 Nov 22;5(1).
PMID: 27933158

Abnormalities in Fibrinolysis at the Time of Admission are Associated with Deep Vein Thrombosis, Mortality, and Disability in a Pediatric Trauma Population
Leeper CM, Neal MD, McKenna C, Sperry JL, Gaines BA.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Jan;82(1):27-34.
PMID: 27779597

Recommendations for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in pediatric trauma patients: A national, multidisciplinary consensus study
Hanson SJ1, Faustino EV, Mahajerin A, O'Brien SH, Streck CJ, Thompson AJ, Petrillo TM, Petty JK.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 May;80(5):695-701. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000962. PMID: 26881487

Management of pediatric blunt renal trauma: A systematic review
LeeVan E, Zmora O, Cazzulino F, Burke RV, Zagory J, Upperman JS.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Mar;80(3):519-28. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000950. Review. PMID: 26713980

Acute traumatic coagulopathy in a critically injured pediatric population: Definition, trend over time, and outcomes
Leeper CM1, Kutcher M, Nasr I, McKenna C, Billiar T, Neal M, Sperry J, Gaines BA.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Jul;81(1):34-41. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001002. PMID: 26886002

Operative vs Nonoperative Management of Pediatric Blunt Pancreatic Trauma: Evaluation of the National Trauma Data Bank
Mora MC1, Wong KE2, Friderici J2, Bittner K2, Moriarty KP3, Patterson LA2, Gross RI2, Tirabassi MV3, Tashjian DB3.
J Am Coll Surg. 2016 Jun;222(6):977-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2015.12.005. Epub 2015 Dec 18. PMID: 26776354

Return on investment: Thirty years of commitment to the injured child has become a pathway to success
Tepas JJ 3rd. 
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 May;80(5):689-94. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001018. PMID: 26910235

Post-traumatic liver and splenic pseudoaneurysms in children: Diagnosis, management, and follow-up screening using contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS)
Durkin N, Deganello A, Sellars ME, Sidhu PS, Davenport M, Makin E. 
J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Feb;51(2):289-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.10.074. Epub 2015 Nov 10. PMID: 26656617

The value of official reinterpretation of trauma computed tomography scans from referring hospitals
Onwubiko C, Mooney DP.
J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Mar;51(3):486-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.08.006. Epub 2015 Aug 10. PMID: 26342629

Operative vs Nonoperative Management of Pediatric Blunt Pancreatic Trauma: Evaluationof the National Trauma Data Bank
Mora MC, Wong KE, Friderici J, Bittner K, Moriarty KP, Patterson LA, Gross RI, Tirabassi MV, Tashjian DB.
J Am Coll Surg. 2015 Dec 18. pii:S1072-7515(15)01775-5 doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2015.12.005. [Epub ahead of print]

Risk factors for venous thromboembolism after pediatric trauma
Allen CJ, Murray CR, Meizoso JP, Ray JJ, Neville HL, Schulman CI, Namias N, Sola JE, Proctor KG.
J Pediatr Surg. 2016 Jan;51(1):168-71. doi:

A Clinical Tool for the Prediction of Venous Thromboembolism in Pediatric Trauma Patients
Connelly CR, Laird A, Barton JS, Fischer PE, Krishnaswami S, Schreiber MA, Zonies DH, Watters JM.
JAMA Surg. 2016 Jan 1;151(1):50-7. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2670.

The use of an institutional pediatric abdominal trauma protocol improves resource use
Fallon SC1, Delemos D, Akinkuotu A, Christopher D, Naik-Mathuria BJ.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2016 Jan;80(1):57-63. doi:
Implementation of pediatric cervical spine clearance guidelines at a combined trauma center: Twelve-month impact
Rosati SF, Maarouf R, Wolfe L, Parrish D, Poppe M, Manners R, Brown K, Haynes JH.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 Jun;78(6):1117-21

Absence of clinical findings reliably excludes unstable cervical spine injuries in children 5 years or younger
Hale DF, Fitzpatrick CM, Doski JJ, Stewart RM, Mueller DL.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 May;78(5):943-8

Benchmarks for splenectomy in pediatric trauma: How are we doing?
Polites SF, Zielinski MD, Zarroug AE, Wagie AE, Stylianos S, Habermann EB.
J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Feb;50(2):339-42

Managing moderately injured pediatric patients without immediate surgeon presence: 10 years later
Boomer LA, Nielsen JW, Lowell W, Haley K, Coffey C, Nuss KE, Nwomeh BC, Groner JI.
J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan;50(1):182-5

Pediatric emergency department thoracotomy: A large case series and systematic review
Allen CJ, Valle EJ, Thorson CM, Hogan AR, Perez EA, Namias N, Zakrison TL, Neville HL, Sola JE.
J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan;50(1):177-81

Pediatric trauma and the Pediatric Trauma Society: Our time has come
Gaines BA
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 Jun;78(6):1111-6

Tranexamic acid administration to pediatric trauma patients in a combat setting: the pediatric trauma andtranexamic acid study (PED-TRAX)
Eckert MJ, Wertin TM, Tyner SD, Nelson DW, Izenberg S, Martin MJ.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Dec;77(6):852-8; discussion 858. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000443.

Validation of a clinical prediction rule for pediatric abusive head trauma
Hymel KP, Armijo-Garcia V, Foster R, Frazier TN, Stoiko M, Christie LM, Harper NS, Weeks K, Carroll CL, Hyden P10, Sirotnak A, Truemper E, Ornstein AE, Wang M, Pediatric Brain Injury Network (PediBIRN) Investigators.
Pediatrics. 2014 Dec;134(6):e1537-44. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-1329. Epub 2014 Nov 17.

Operative vs nonoperative management for blunt pancreatic transection in children: multi-institutional outcomes.
Iqbal CW, St Peter SD, Tsao K, Cullinane DC, Gourlay DM, Ponsky TA, Wulkan ML, Adibe OO; Pancreatic Trauma in Children (PATCH) Study Group.
J Am Coll Surg. 2014 Feb;218(2):157-62PMID: 24440062

Children are safer in states with strict firearm laws: a National Inpatient Sample study.
Safavi A, Rhee P, Pandit V, Kulvatunyou N, Tang A, Aziz H, Green D, O'Keeffe T, Vercruysse G, Friese RS, Joseph B.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Jan;76(1):146-50; discussion 150-1. PMID:24368370

Improving ATLS performance in simulated pediatric trauma resuscitation using a checklist.
Parsons SE, Carter EA, Waterhouse LJ, Fritzeen J, Kelleher DC, Oʼconnell KJ, Sarcevic A, Baker KM, Nelson E, Werner NE, Boehm-Davis DA, Burd RS.
Ann Surg. 2014 Apr;259(4):807-13.PMID: 24096751

National trends in pediatric blunt spleen and liver injury management and potential benefits of an abbreviated bed rest protocol.
Dodgion CM, Gosain A, Rogers A, St Peter SD, Nichol PF, Ostlie DJ.
J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Jun;49(6):1004-8; discussion 1008. PMID:24888852

Management of children with mild traumatic brain injury and intracranial hemorrhage.
Greenberg JK, Stoev IT, Park TS, Smyth MD, Leonard JR, Leonard JC, Pineda JA, Limbrick DD.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Apr;76(4):1089-95
PMID: 24662876

Trauma remains a surgical disease from cradle to grave.
Acker SN, Stovall RT, Moore EE, Partrick DA, Burlew CC, Bensard DD.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Aug;77(2):219-25.PMID: 25058245

Routine repeat brain computed tomography in all children with mild traumatic brain injury may result in unnecessary radiation exposure.
Howe J, Fitzpatrick CM, Lakam DR, Gleisner A, Vane DW.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2014 Feb;76(2):292-5; discussion 295-6.  PMID: 24458036