Fistula in Ano: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

What causes fistula in ano?

A fistula in ano is a tear or hole that develops between the anal canal and the skin. The causes of this condition are not known, but it may be caused by Crohn's disease, surgery, abscesses, cancer or infection. Symptoms include rectal bleeding and discharge from the anus. Treatment options for this condition depend on its cause; however, if it is due to Crohn's disease then surgery may be necessary to remove diseased tissue around the area where there has been inflammation or ulceration of tissues lining the intestinal tract (the gastrointenstinal tract).

Fistula in Ano: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
Is fistula in ano curable?
A fistula is a medical condition that occurs when there is damage to the anal canal. This can happen due to Crohn's disease or inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis. Fistulas are usually caused by inflammation of the intestine which causes tissue death on either side of the rectum. A person with this type of injury may experience symptoms like pain while passing stool and blood coming from their anus during defecation (a sign that they have developed an anal fissure). Surgery is often needed for treatment but some people will need more than one operation before they feel better again.

What is the difference between a fistula and an abscess?

A fistula is a hole in the intestinal tract that leads to another organ. An abscess is an accumulation of pus caused by infection or inflammation. The most common cause of both conditions are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel diseases which can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. Fistulas may be internal or external and they often form when there is a blockage in the intestine due to inflammation, diverticulosis, cancerous growths, tumors, strictures (narrowing), or scar tissue from previous surgery. Abscesses usually occur on organs such as skin wounds and intestines after surgery with instruments like knives used during operations for other reasons; these infections are called surgical wound infections because they happen post-operatively rather than pre-operatively like infectious diarrhea would be considered an example of a preoperative infection
Abscesses also develop when bacteria enter through open sores on the skin then invade into tissues under pressure from swelling fluid inside them while fistulas can result if fecal matter leaks out past damaged tissue near where it exits at the anus instead causing leakage around muscles that hold stool tight against rectum walls

How to prevent fistula in ano?

Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that can lead to fistula in ano. It is important for people with Crohn's Disease to maintain good hygiene and avoid constipation, which can worsen the inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Surgery may be necessary if there are complications from Crohn's Disease or other conditions such as abscesses or cancer.

Types of surgery for treatment:
Surgery is the most common and effective treatment for anal fistula. The type of procedure depends on the size, location, and cause of the fistula. A doctor will typically perform a colostomy before closing up an abscess or removing a tumor to prevent further infection from spreading into other parts of the body. If there are no complications during surgery, patients can usually go home within two days after their operation with only minor discomfort such as soreness around their anus. However if there are any complications during surgery it may take longer than two days to recover at home because they may have had more extensive work done that required them to stay in hospital overnight or even weeks depending on how severe their condition was prior to having surgery performed on them.

After surgery, the patient will be on a liquid diet for 2 weeks. After that, they can eat soft foods and then gradually work their way up to normal food again. It is important to drink plenty of fluids while recovering from surgery because it helps with healing and prevents constipation which could lead to another abscess or fistula forming.