The level of testosterone in an individual’s body can fluctuate at different stages of their life. 

These levels depend on their age, lifestyle, gender, and overall health. Men have a higher level of testosterone compared to women. It is known as the male sex hormone; however, women also need small amounts of testosterone.

Men produce testosterone in their testes, while the ovaries produce it in women. The adrenal glands also produce testosterone.

What Are The Functions Of Testosterone In Males And Females?

Testosterone is known as androgen, which is a group of sex hormones. It has the following purposes for both genders.



Sex drive

It helps maintain the level of other hormones

Sperm creation

Heart health

Make muscles and bones strong

Make muscles and bones strong

Strengthening bones and muscles

Focus and alertness

Brain health and focus

Mantains menstrual cycles

Body development during puberty

Sex drive and fertility

The most common link between both genders is fertility and sex drive, in which testosterone plays a pivotal role. It is more likely to have low testosterone than to have high levels of testosterone.

What Are The Factors That Can Affect Normal Testosterone Levels?

  • Trauma to the testes or other testicular problems
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Chemotherapy and other cancer treatments
  • Certain chronic/acute medication
  • Obesity
  • Age
  • Metabolic disorders such as diabetes
  • Kidney failure
  • Weak immune system
  • What Are The Average Testosterone Levels By Age?

    Testosterone is measured in a unit called nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl).

    The levels usually peak at 20 years and drop by 3% to 10% every 10 years.

    Infants and children:


    Male (ng/dl)


    0 to 5 months


    20 - 80

    6 months to 9 years

    Less than 7 - 20

    Less than 7 - 20

    10 to 11 years

    Less than 7-130

    Less than 7 - 44



    Male (ng/dl)


    12 to 13 years

    Less than 7 - 800

    Less than 7 - 75

    14 years

    Less than 7-1,200

    Less than 7 - 75

    15 to 16 years

    100-1 , 200

    Less than 7 - 75



    Male (ng/dl)


    17 to 18 years

    3 - 1,200


    19 years and older



    Too High Testosterone Levels

    Having very high testosterone levels is less common than having low testosterone, however, it is still possible. It is considered dangerous and can cause issues in both men and women.

    Men will experience the following symptoms with high testosterone:

    • Changes in sex health include trouble achieving and maintaining an erection or a low desire for sex.
    • Excessive body hair and early male pattern balding.
    • Fluctuations in mood, such as anxiety and depression.
    • Either high or low blood pressure
    • Acne
    • Sleep apnea
    • Having trouble breathing
    • Chest pains

    Women will experience the following symptoms with high testosterone:

    • Unusual body hair, such as overgrowth of hair or balding from having too many androgens in the body.
    • Increased muscle mass
    • Very irregular periods
    • Abnormal periods of acne
    • Reduced sex drive, infertility issues, or vaginal dryness
    • Changes in mood, such as irritability
    • Gaining weight
    • Deeper voice
    • Reduction in breast size

    Low Testosterone Levels

    Hormone levels can change in every individual as they age. Women experience a sudden and drastic change in hormones, with them dropping until they reach the menopause stage. Men experience a slower change in hormone levels.

    Less testosterone in the womb can affect the development of a baby boy, as it can negatively affect puberty and slow or stop their growth.

    Testosterone levels drop naturally with age in both genders. Low testosterone can lead to the following symptoms:



    Low/reduced sex drive

    Fertility issues

    Changes in mood

    Irregular menstrual cycles

    Hair loss

    Vaginal dryness

    Reduced muscle mass

    Low sex drive

    No alertness and concentration problems

    Reduced bone density, osteoporosis

    How To Increase Testosterone Levels?

    Low testosterone can be a problem in men and women, however, there are treatments and ways to increase them naturally.

    Testosterone-boosting supplements

    Testosterone boosters can provide essential nutrients that you are not getting in your diet. Ingredients such as zinc, magnesium, and D-aspartic acid can effectively boost testosterone levels without a shock to your system.

    Examples of good T booster are TestoPrime or Testo-Max. They are all-natural boosters containing various vitamins and minerals that can help gradually increase T levels in the body without having to consume synthetic ingredients.

    Vitamin D

    Low levels of vitamin D have been associated to low testosterone levels and lead to abnormal functioning of the testes in men. You can increase your vitamin D by including more eggs and fish in your diet, getting enough sunlight, or taking a supplement.

    A balanced diet

    A balanced diet full of protein, carbs, fats, and other foods can effectively enhance testosterone levels. With a healthier diet, you automatically maintain a healthy weight, which is another contributing factor to increasing testosterone.

    Avoid the over-consumption of alcohol and drugs

    If you consume a large amount of liquor, the body will take a long time metabolizing the alcohol and will not perform some processes such as breaking down testosterone. This results in a lower level of the hormone in the body.

    If you avoid drinking alcohol for even a month, you will reach average levels of testosterone.

    Have a proper sleeping pattern

    A lack of sleep can directly affect the level of testosterone in the body. In order to have healthy levels of testosterone, experts recommend 7 to 9 hours of sleep every night.

    Taking a testosterone booster in addition to the tips above can significantly increase T levels and provide several other health benefits, which overall improve the quality of life.

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    About the Author

    Steven has been into health, nutrition, and fitness for over 10 years, and has a degree in Physical Education and Coaching. He is an expert in supplements and is devoted to helping his clients achieve their fitness goals and live their best lives.

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